profile bending machine

Profile bending machine
Angle & Section Bending Machine

Bending profiles & Section bending

What is section bending?

BIT section bending machine now have the leading capacity worldwide in section bending and gives customers the confidence to design structures with minimal limitations.

BIT profile bending machines has the capabilities to produce custom bent profiles from all forms of metal: tube, pipe, bar, beams, and channels. And provide complete, turnkey bending services to meet any performance and application requirements.The technology and expertise needed to deliver bent profiles that match your unique specifications.

Depending upon your unique project requirements, Profile Bending angle bending may be performed on a variety of materials, including carbon steel, stainless steel, aluminum, titanium, and copper.

Section bending, also called profile bending, is done in a wide variety of metals in various ways. There are two main processes – cold bending and induction bending, our machine is cold bending.

More Section bending

  • Section Bending Pipe
    Section Bending Pipe

    China Pipe Bending Machine manufacturers & suppliers BIT: Pipe and tubing is also known as HSS (hollow structural steel), just like square and rectangular tubing, since it is hollow.

  • Pipe Bending
    Pipe Bending

    Pipe Bending Machine Manufacturer & Supplier. China BIT Pipe Bending Machine roll all sizes of pipe from 3/8” to 24”. We work with almost all grades of carbon steel pipe and aluminum pipe, and can bend full and half pipe with equal quality and pr..


To bend sections, there are two main processes – cold bending and induction bending, our machine is cold bending.

section bending process
section bending process

Cold bending is accomplished by passing the steel member back and forth between sets of rolls. The point load applied by the central roller is sufficient to take the steel past its yield point and introduce a permanent set.

Section bending curving bar
Section bending curving bar

The bending takes place between three points. As the diagram shows, no bending takes place until the section touches all three points or rollers.

Bending Rollers:

Section bending curving beam
Section bending curving beam

When the section, which is driven through the rollers, meets the third roll it will deflect. The deflection will depend upon the position of the rollers. The more deflection the more the section will bend. I.e. the smaller the radius.

Section Bending:

Cold bending takes the material past its yield point which strain hardens the steel to some degree. Some of the yield plateau has to be used, so in general plastic design is not recommended. The toughness of the steel can also change, particularly at small radii. It is worth emphasising that at most radii found in structural applications, the changes are modest.

Curving Steel:

For normal low carbon steels and including structural steel, the strain induced during the bending process produces no real problems, as he material exerts the same elastic characteristics in the elastic range.

profile bending parts
Section bending curving angle

As mentioned, during the rolling bending process, the material must have exerted on it a stress greater than its yield strength or elastic limit. This is the maximum stress that the material can be subjected to and still spring back, or return to its original length. The yield point or elastic limits is shown as point ‘A’ on the figure below, a typical stress-strain curve. A stress less than the yield strength will not permanently bend the material. The amount of stress to apply to the material being bent is in area ‘C’, which is the plastic region. These lines show how, when the stress is removed, the material will spring back to a length somewhat smaller than when the stress was being applied.

Rolling Process:

The steel sections become work hardened when using the cold bending process. The amount of work hardening is dependent on the radius required and the geometry of the section. The results in a ‘flattened-out’ stress-strain curve as shown in the diagram above. A tensile test on a sample of steel that has been cold-roller bent will show a small loss in ductility, but a higher Ultimate Tensile Strength, which results in a loss of some ductility. Even though there is a loss of some ductility, for normal structural applications, the effect is minimal and can be ignored.

Often, the most important effects of the curving process are aesthetic, rather than structural. The steel on the outside of the curve tends to get stretched (and therefore thinner) whilst the steel on the inside of the curve tends to become thicker. There can be some visible distortion on sections caused by the bending process, for example with thin hollow sections, the bending process can cause visible ripples at small radii, therefore our expert staff will more that often advise when it is more appropriate to supply a thicker wall section to reduce the impact caused by the bending process.


The minimum radius to which a section can be bent without any meaningful distortion depends on the section properties and bending methods being used.

As the years have gone by these minimum radii have been reduced as new techniques have been developed, so the minimum has continued to get smaller

Normal bending tolerances for single radius bends are in line with those specified in the National Structural Steelwork Specification. Tolerances for multi-radius bends or other complex curves are best discussed with one of our specialists at the design stage.

It is not easy to provide a definitive and comprehensive list of the radii to which every section can be curved. There are large numbers or standard sections (each with different bending characteristics), there are different methods of bending (hot and cold), and the end-uses vary widely. Also, with continuing technical developments, ‘minimum radii’ also change.

In general, sections, tubes and hollow sections can be curved to single radius curves, to multi-radius curves, to parabolic or elliptical curves, or even to co-ordinates. They can also, within limits, be curved in two places or to form spirals. There are, however, a number of physical constraints which limits the degree to which three-dimensional curvature is possible in practical terms. It is important therefore, that any requirements for three-dimensional bends are discussed in detail at enquiry stage.

latest update

  • 04


    2020 version understands the section modulus of structural steel bending

    2020 version understands the section modulus of structural steel bending

    Section modulus is a term that not many people are familiar with, but this term is something that bending and rolling companies deal with on a daily basis. Section modulus is a geometric property for a given cross-section used in the design of steel beams or flexural members. The relationship between many geometric properties such as tension, compression and shape of the member lead to the calculation of its section modulus.

    What is the section modulus

    It is termed as the ratio of second moment of area and distance from N.A (Neutral axis) to the extreme fiber. Also it is the measure of strength of given member. The stress in the outermost section of beam is computed with the help of section modulus. It is indicated by S.

    Section modulus is indicated as follows:

    Here, I is “moment of inertia” and y is distance from “neutral axis” to top or bottom of fiber.

    Unit of a “section modulus” is in.3(mm3).

    Section modulus depends only on the cross section shape of the beam. Cross section shapes like rectangular, square, circular, I section and T, composite section etc.

    For symmetric sections, the value of “section modulus” is for both above and below of centroid of the fiber.

    An asymmetric section has two values for top and bottom of the fiber due to different distance from centroid to the top and bottom of the material, the maximum “section modulus” is S m ax and the minimum section modulus is S min.


    • It is significant for beam and flexural member design.

    • More the section modulus, more the member is resistant to bending of the beam.

    • It is easier to calculate stresses in beam and an exact measure of strength of steel.

    • If two beams are made of same material and comparing the “section modulus” of two beams, the beam with bigger section modulus will be tougher and more capable to withstand larger loads.

  • 27


    Curving Unistrut or P1000 Channel
  • 27


    Steel Beam Tolerance After Rolling
  • 21


    What is Pipe Bending and Tube Bending
  • 21


    Angle,Beam,Tube,Channel,Pipe,Bar,Tee,Steel Section Bending Tolerances
  • 19


    Bending characteristics of new version 2020 steel and aluminum tubes
  • 14


    Similarities Between Bending Round and Rectangular Tubing
  • 14


    2019 Glossary of common bending-rolling terms taken from Design Guide 33
  • 04


    Section Bending Metal
  • 04


    Section Bending Carbon Steel

About Us

Nantong Borisbang Industrial Technology (NBIT) rooted in Haian County of Jiangsu Province,China. The main production section bending machine. NBIT was founded in 2001 and has more than 17 years experience in this field.

Nantong Borisbang Industrial Technology (NBIT) is your specialist and technology partner for powerful and future-proof bending machines and bending solutions.Having a solid trained technical team with a wide range of quality Section Bending Machines, and On-Time Deliveries, we have been accumulating happy customers worldwide.

Our core focus and specialisation is in the Section Bending Machines.

Over the years, the Company has grown multifold and currently exports to several countries in Sweden, Germany, England, Thailand, Iran, Korea, Vietnam, Russia, Malaysia, Dubai, Saudi, Arabia, India, South Africa, United Arab Emirates, Singapore, Uzbekistan.